Your camera support system should be chosen based on what type of safari vehicle you will be in. There are many options at all prices but I prefer a monopod with a nice ball mount head. I also keep a clamp system handy for when I need to lock in place.
My choice for a really easy and adaptable camera support system for use on a safari is a monopod. For my safaris in South Africa it is the best solution for supporting the camera due to its flexibility, lightweight, and versatility.
African wildlife images often fall into three categories: Animal Portraits, Animals with Environment, and Animal Groups. Applying basic principles of compositions such as Rule of Thirds, leading lines, and negative space makes for optimal photographic compositions.
Binoculars are a great edition to your safari bag. I recommend the light and sharp Nikon Monarch 10×42 ATB
Use cropping on a mediocre image to hone in on a detail – the best of the image. In a photo there may be a really great detail that can star as its own image with better composition than the original. Challenge yourself to find ways to take a blah photo to a great one.
I have had great success using the Better Beamer Flash Extender while on my photo tour in Africa. It allows me to light distant subjects and get images after the sun has past optimum lighting conditions. It is cheap and easy to take with.
When packing for your safari, choose neutral colors, choose modern fabrics that will dry quickly and keep you dry, and items with lots of pockets. Bring clothes that will function in layers so you are ready for changing temperatures.
Photo safaris are geared toward wildlife lovers and photographers of all abilities wanting to add many great photo to their collection. Most of your time will be spent out in the field and you will have long days that start early. Relaxation time, luxury, and a slow pace are not a priority.